Porto City, in Portugal, was recently (re)elected as the European Best Destination 2017. We rounded 19 things for you to do in Porto. Gorgeous gardens, lovely streets and magnificient churches, are only some examples of what you might find in this warm and fantastic city.
The story unfolds, and once again, Porto is a serious candidate to the European Best Destinations Awards 2017. Winner of the same trophy in 2012 and 2014, Porto made it to the final list of 20 nominees that includes such distinct cities as London, Paris, Rome or Madrid, among others. The history and identity of the city, its magnificent architecture, its food and its people are just some of the reasons that contribute to the nomination of our city bathed by the Douro river.
Besides its demand to live or work, Porto has increasingly been requested to visit throughout the whole year. And there are no reasons for not doing so. But you don't have to know our city as a mere tourist. With our apartments, services and experiences, FeelPorto gives you the possibility to get to know the city as one of the locals. Let us provide you with a visit to the site where is produced one of the best wines in the world, a walk through the amazing streets and alleys of the city or the relaxation and comfort of a location that will make you feel at home.
The European countdown for the award for best European destination of the year takes place until 10 February in www.voteporto.com, and there's still time to prepare your journey with us by visiting us at www.feelporto.com. Come and feel Porto… like we do.
The countdown for Spring is on, but it never seems to come soon enough!
To help you get your planning started, here’s a lineup of exciting upcoming events worth traveling for this Spring.
The Douro Valley wine country is so incredibly beautiful that it has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The area is best known for its Port Wine, but it has much more to offer than that.
Spring is probably the best season to visit the area, the weather is already warming up, the Almond trees are flowering and the vineyards are starting to show some life.
This time of year, the wine industry is showing off the latest results of the last production, therefore if you’re a wine lover here are some events that will get you on the next plane.
Douro Boys are the best reference if you want to try out the Best Wines. Check out the Wine Sessions at Casa da Música, where a brand of wine and a winemaker join a harmonised and undeniable appeal to the senses. Next wine sessions will be on the 25th April and 30th May.
Spring is also the renaissance of the Arts. The city and the North of Portugal start preparing for the world known Festivals.
One of the most iconic Festivals of the city is the Queima das Fitas, the academic festival. It’s a full week of fun, music and tradition. The Porto festival is happening in the first week of May and if you’re into this kind of “movida”, you can programme your stay in Porto and start to party with Queima da Fitas (4-10 May) in Porto, followed by Enterro da Gata (Cat’s Burial) from 9th to 16th May and Enterro de Aveiro (Aveiro’s Burial) from 11th to 15th May.
If you’re more into the alternative music, check out the INDOURO FEST at Gaia (2-3 May). Bands like Clinic, British Sea Power and Toy will act in one of the most breath taking sites of the city - Mosteiro da Serra do Pilar.
In June arrives, the world known NOS Primavera Sound, the Music festival that started in Barcelona.
PORTUGAL FASHION Fall Winter 2015/2016 edition is happening again in Alfândega. More than a fashion event, its a synonym of culture, modernism and one of the most dynamic and prestigious events in the fashion industry.
The Alfândega building fills up with young creators and world fashion designers.
So you are staying in one of FeelPorto’s apartments and you are not sure what to pack?
Don’t worry anymore; we will give you some tips :)
Whether you are traveling by car, plane, train or boat there are some things that are mandatory if you want to enjoy the city 100%.
Luggage and bags: Day bag for carrying your camera, guide book or map and water. Remember, Porto is a beautiful city with lots to film and photograph so if you have spare batteries and memory cards don’t forget to bring them.
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: Travel light! Porto has lots of hills and some streets are very steep and the pavement is sometimes uneven! Flat comfortable shoes are always a good idea as well as a basic raining kit: waterproof jacket umbrella and hat, mainly if you are not coming during summer. The best thing to do is to come prepared for all kind of weather so wear layers and not one single heavy piece of clothing.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: Porto has plenty of supermarkets and pharmacies and some of them have a delivery service. Carry only essentially or prescribed medication. Sunscreen is advised even if you come on spring or autumn.
Documents – Whether it is a passport or a simple boarding pass, it is advised that every person traveling with you has a photocopy of all the documents needed in case you lose them.
Passports / ID: Don’t forget to check if you know where your passport is and if it is still valid mainly if you are from outside the European Union. If you live in the European Community and you don’t have a passport or you don’t want to bring it with you it is advised to bring any king of government issued photo ID (official country ID or Driver’s License).
Insurance: Although it is not mandatory it is always better to have insurance when you go on vacation. If you are an European traveling inside Europe don’t forget to ask for you free European Health Card. It allows you to get any health care for a reduced price (sometimes free) anywhere inside the European Union.
- Always plan to pack the minimum
- Wear all your heavy clothes (if you have) during the flight / journey to your destination
Bring all the toiletry products you need in mini containers (up to 100 ml). Usually amenities cases from other hotels/apartments you have been before.
I love to preserve moments of my town. I was born in Porto in the sixties, in a very different town when compared with today. Photography is a powerful tool to preserve our identity and also the changes in the urban landscape.
A Great History!
The town is the centre and the people makes it live and breath. Porto is old and has beautiful places with incredible sights, narrow streets built over the older medieval streets and roads that make this town so unique. Porto history is amazing and older than many countries of today.
My bet on film seems crazy today but isn't. Film makes you think twice or more before shooting. The rolls limit the number of shots specially when I use those medium format old cameras used in these photos. The older is from 1954 and the newer is from 2000. Also you can't see the photo before developing the roll so it has to be well done or is a total failure. I love the feel of black and white and is magic developing myself the rolls of films and seeing the images getting out of the development tank. Really magic and very easy.
The Sculptor José Rodrigues Foundation, in partnership with in-Libris Bookstore, has opened the doors to the exhibition Anima Sensualis, by Paulo Gaspar Ferreira and José Rodrigues, from November 16.
Until the end of the year, the exhibition reveals bodies intimacy – seen by Paulo Gaspar Ferreira through his camera; José Rodrigues, with a pen . Paulo Gaspar Ferreira was born in Oporto in 1964. He graduated in Visual Arts at the Soares dos Reis School of Decorative Arts and completed the course in Photography in the Technical School Studio of Photography of Oporto. He participated in several group and solo exhibitions, collaborated on the graphic design of various music CD´s and was a co-producer in several projects with the poets António Ramos Rosa, Carlos Tê (Penso Sujo, inspired in the oil spill caused by the sunken tanker "Prestige" in the Galicia coast) and other authors. He conceived and organized a series of lectures requested by the Portuguese Institute of Photography and developed several projects coordination printing and publishing, along with his work as a photographer. His work is represented in many private and institutional collections in Portugal, Spain, France, Brazil and the United States of America.
The exhibition can be visited from Tuesday to Saturday, from 10:00 to 13:00 and from 14:00 to 18:00h.
The António Carneiro´s Workshop House was built by the painter in 1923 to install his studio. Significant figure of the Portuguese art in the symbolist and modernist contexts, lived there with their sons Carlos Carneiro, painter, and Claudio Carneyro, composer.
In the House you can enjoy watching the painting materials, documents, books, photographs and objects that belonged to them, as well as an interesting collection of works in oil, watercolor and drawing. Following successive acquisition of plots of land and building to the family of the painter, the Oporto City Council opened it to the public in 1973. Since the opening until today, it is the only museum in the eastern city.
António Carneiro (1872-1930) was a Portuguese painter, professor at the School of Fine Arts of Oporto, artistic director of Águia magazine, connected to the Portuguese Renaissance movement. He was Soares dos Reis and Marques de Oliveira´s disciple in the Oporto Academy of Fine Arts. Lived three years in Paris, where he attended the Julien Academy and participated in the Universal Exhibition of 1900 as a decorator. He exhibited regularly in Portugal and internationally. He was an artist with great sensitivity, seeking emotions, dedicated, above all, to the portrait painting, translating them the psychological state of the model. For this reason, many call him the "soul portraitist."
Opens fridays, 10h to 12h30 and 14h to 17h30. Opens saturdays, with previous scheduled appointment.
Fernando Luís Tavares de Távora was born in Oporto in 1923. He was a remarkable Portuguese architect, graduated from the Fine Arts School of Oporto (ESBAP).
Between 1946 and 1947 carried out several projects on major composition, general construction, decorative composition, archeology and urbanization. Member of the Modern Architects Organization introduced, at that time, in association with other architects, a reflection that had no precedent in Portugal on the social architecture corollary, as opposed to outputs and official discourses of the time. As the creator of a new construction logic, emphasized the unique landscapes, using them as cultural data to be integrated into the dialogue with the architecture. He helped to install the Faculty of Architecture of Oporto and taught at ESBAP. Of his architectural projects we remember the Public Market, in Santa Maria da Feira (1953-59); the Tennis Pavilion of Quinta da Conceição, in Matosinhos (1956-1960); the Holiday House of the Ofir pine forest, in Fão (1957-1958); the expansion of the National Assembly facilities, in Lisbon (1994-1999); and the Town Hall / House of 24, in Oporto (1995-2002). In the heritage conservation area, he left unmatched works, as the Santa Marinha da Costa Convent recovery and its transformation into an Hostel (1975-1984); the Historic Centre of Guimarães rediscovery and rehabilitation (1985-1992), classified as World Heritage by UNESCO, in 2001; the Soares dos Reis National Museum remodeling and expansion (1988-2001); the Freixo Palace and surrounding areas restoration, in Oporto (1996-2003).
Today there is an architecture prize with his name – the Fernando Távora Prize.
He died in 2005, in Matosinhos.
SEA LIFE Center The SEA LIFE Aquarium Center is a public access space, located in the Oporto City Park, next to Gonçalves Zarco Plaza. It occupies an area of 2400 square meters, housing about 5.800 marine creatures, belonging to more than one hundred different species, in 31 aquariums. The largest one - the "Kingdom of Neptune " - has a tunnel that visitors can walk through.
On display, there are sharks (black tips, zebra and nurse), rays, seahorses and tropical fish specimens, as well as native species such as the Douro river barbel, trout, carp and minnows. The Oporto SEA LIFE transports you to a magical dimension where the most beautiful, bizarre and fascinating creatures live. You can see them so close that you can almost touch them, in environments designed to make the experience to be lived as if, in fact, you plunged in its natural habitat. The SEA LIFE plays a dual role in the oceans and in the future generations preservation. In addition to provide thousands of people a unique experience of discovering the wonders of the marine world, promotes its conservation, through social awareness and education.
This aquarium also promotes lectures on the species, its characteristics, habitats and secrets, daily, from 11.00, in the Oceans Grotto or in the Ray Bay.
Opening hours: Monday to Friday, from 10h00 to 18h00; Saturday and Sunday from 10h00 to 19h00.
Led by Evgeniya Bespalova, this production will display with lavish sets, wonderful costumes and a dazzling array of melodies that make up this great masterpiece of classical ballet.
The Russian Classical Ballet Company is currently one of the most prestigious Russian ballet companies. It was founded in 1990 and features dancers from various famous companies, such as the Bolshoi Ballet, and from several other countries.
Swan Lake is a classic fixture in the history of dance. Since its debut, not very glorious, it was revisited many times throughout the world, in versions that took many different shapes and forms. It is a dramatic balett in four acts, by the Russian composer Tchaikovsky, with libretto by Vladimir Begitchev and Vasily Geltzer. It was commissioned to the composer by the Bolshoi Theatre in 1876 and its debut took place in Moscow on February 20, 1877. It was a failure, not because of the music, but because of the misinterpretation of the orchestra and the dancers, and the choreography and scenography. The music of Tchaikovsky continues, however, to be the great inspiration, converting Swan Lake Ballet in a symbol, which is worth seeing at least once in lifetime.
Ticket prices : from € 23.00 to € 33,00 €.
Simultaneous Art Openings in Miguel Bombarda Street It's a reference at north. Bombarda Mall is a mall, but is not a shopping center. It is located in the street with the same name and includes a block that is already a reference in the cultural and commercial life in Oporto.
The next edition of Miguel Bombarda Openings Concurrent Contemporary Art already happens Saturday, November 2. As usual, on this day these streets block are filled with people and the art galleries and shops renew themselves and feature new exhibits and new collections, organized in a Cultural Circuit. In association with the gallery owners and shopkeepers associate themselves and promote street shows, performances, DJ's, concerts, with plenty of entertainment guaranteed.
The Cultural Circuit Miguel Bombard includes the following streets: Miguel Bombarda, Rosário, Breyner, D.Manuel II and Adolfo Casais Monteiro. It is an excellent opportunity for locals and the many city visitors to know the art exhibitions, while the streets are overrun by artistic interventions, with original and creative performances.
There also will be disclosed the images conceived by Pedro Guerreiro, graduated in Communication Design and a Masters in Design Image by College of Fine Arts of Oporto. He is the contest winner of the creative design image related to the general issues in Miguel Bombarda Street this year.
Admission is free.
The Guindais Funicular is a light railway that connects the Batalha area and the Oporto Ribeira. Built in 1891, was fully recovered after more than a century of inactivity. The original funicular, designed by the Portuguese engineer Raul Mesnier, was opened in 1891 and closed two years later, due to a serious accident, in June 1893. Those time chronicles tell that the accident was due to human error, which resulted in the death of eight people. It was completely redesigned by Mesnier, in an attempt to restore its functioning, which never happened. Under the operation of urban rehabilitation PORTO 2001 / Cultural European Capital, it has been proposed for replacement and a new funicular was designed to the same place. Of the original equipment and system exists only the primitive building powerhouse at the top of the escarpment, having undergone changes from current uses. Thus, a century later, a modern funicular opened in 2004. More than just a means of transport, the Funicular Guindais means a good opportunity to make a tour between two of the city monumental areas: the Batalha and the Ribeira, by D. Luiz I Bridge, over the Douro River.
From November to April, it operates between 8.00 and 20.00, operated by Oporto Metro system. The only ticket accepted to travel in it, the Funi, costs 2,00 euro.
Timetable winter: Sunday to Thursday: 08:00 to 20:00 Fridays, Saturdays and eve of holidays: 08:00 to 00:00 summer: Sunday to Wednesday: 08:00 to 22:00 Thursdays, Fridays, Saturdays and eve of holidays: 08:00 to 00:00
It is also known as the Romanesque Church of Cedofeita and considered the oldest in Oporto.
Without knowing exactly when the original has been built, the St. Martinho da Cedofeita Church may be a remnant of a Swabian village that was located in Cedofeita in the sixth century.
Consecrated to St. Martin, this religious building as, at the stone of the tympanum of the main portal, a copy, recorded in 1767, stating the foundation of the original monastery, assigning it to the sixth century and to the patronage of Swabian King Theodomir, and consecrated by the Archbishop of Braga. Legend says that the king Theodomir, desperate because couldn´t found no cure for the illness of his son, appealed to St. Martin of Tours , sending to that city ambassadors with offers of silver and gold equal to the weight of his child . It turned out to be the bishop of Braga, Saint Martin of Dume, to bearer a relic of St. Martin of Tours. At the exposure of the King's son to the relic, he was healed, and all the Swabian people present converted to Catholicism. This relic is kept in this church, along with others of the evangelizer of the Swabians, the bishop of Braga and Dume. Theodomir ordered then the construction of a new church in honor of the patron saint.
The church has undergone successive transformations, acquiring a romantic dash when it was erected on the same place of the Cedofeita Monastery, in the early twelfth century. It has undergone successive transformations and, in the eighteenth century, acquired the design we see today.
The Puppet Museum of Oporto waits for your visit. It is on Flores Street, downtown. Occupies three floors of a renovated building in the historic area and shares the estate of the Puppet Theatre of Oporto (TMP) and all its creations over 25 years. There, visitors can find, or rediscover, the puppets that made the characters of Misery, Macbeth, Landscape with Blue Cars, Grove Critters, Cinderella, and the pieces of Dom Roberto theatre, with the company began its journey.
The Museum fulfills a dream of João Paulo Seara Cardoso (1956-2010). Born in Oporto, João Paulo Seara Cardoso was a writer, director and puppeteer. He was the founder and the Artistic Director of TMP. Devoted himself to the research and restoration of the Dom Roberto Theatre (Portuguese popular puppets) and received from its Master António Dias the inheritance of this secular tradition. He created and directed children's series for television and published several children's books. Was professor of theatrical interpretation. His creations were presented in several countries worldwide.
The Museum was intervened by architect João Gigante and is open Monday to Saturday from 11am to 18 p.m.
In an almost secret place in the city, in the renovated ruins of the industrial age, is the Sculptor José Rodrigues Foundation.Occupies one part of the Fábrica Social (Social Factory), divided into exhibition halls, multipurpose room, shop and cafe and is a prominent place in the cultural and artistic city panorama.
The Portuguese sculptor José Rodrigues bought, in 2008, the Real Fábrica Social, an old hat factory, where he established he´s foundation, home and workshop. To monetize the space with 5,000 m2, he opened it to other artistic projects. There, are installed the theater companies Visões Úteis e Teatro Bruto, the design and architecture studio The Oportocollective, the atelier Três Ponto (multimedia design and communication), young sculptors, a Course of Photography and the Professional Ballet School.
In its museum, the work of the Master José Rodrigues is preserved and exposed, in a space of access to production and exhibition of new artists projects and works. In its Lugar de Venda (Place of Sale) you’ll find not only pieces of the sculptor, but also children's books with illustrations of his own and others works. In its Cafe, O Lugar dos Sabores (The Place of Flavors), you can enjoy a unique lunch, simple and delicious, surrounded by the work of the master sculptor.
José Rodrigues (1936) conducted his artistic studies at the School of Fine Arts of Oporto where he finished the Sculpture course. Among his best known works is the Ribeira Square Cube.
Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso belongs to the first generation of Portuguese modernist painters. Born in 1887 in Amarante, he is distinguished by the exceptional quality of his work and the dialogue established with the historical early twentieth century avant-gardes. His painting is openly structured to movements such as Cubism, Futurism and Expressionism, reaching many times - and in a sustained manner in his recent years - a level at all comparable to the production of his top international art contemporary.
In 1905 he entered the preparatory course design at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Lisbon, aged 18. A year later, he left to Paris, settling in Montparnasse, famous meeting place for intellectuals and artists, where he would live all the seven years of residence in that city. Thus, he established contact with other Portuguese artists living in Paris, among them Francisco Smith, Eduardo Viana and Emmerico Nunes.
In 1909 he attended the classes of the painter Anglada-Camarasa, at the Académie Vitti and, later, the Free Academies.
In 1910 he established a strong and lasting friendship with Modigliani, Constantin Brancusi and Alexander Archipenko.
In 1911, Modigliani e Amadeo inaugurated an exhibition at the Portuguese painter studio; its roll of honor was signed by Picasso, Apollinaire, Max Jacob and Derain. In the same year he participated, for the first time, in a major international exhibition, the XXVII Salon des Independents. It was a determining exposure and gave high visibility to Cubism. In that same year he met Sonia and Robert Delaunay and, through them, Apollinaire, Picabia, Chagall, Boccioni, Klee, Franz Marc and Auguste Macke.
After his return to Portugal, he settled in Vila do Conde and passed through Lisbon. There, he lived with Almada Negreiros and members of the Orpheu group. In 1918 he contracted a skin disease that affected him in the face and hands, preventing him from working. He took refuge in Espinho, where, in that year, succumbed to the Spanish flu epidemic. He was 30 years old.
The history of tourism in Oporto is as old as its own region. Since the time from which there is no memory left, only trace signs of having been visited by people from various parts of the world. Its location so provided, as well as the beauty and the richness of its landscapes, overlooking the Douro River.
Commercial emporium, with its eyes on the immense unknown Atlantic, had behind it paradisiac mountains, fertile valleys and the promise of prosperous lifes in natural fortifications.
If tourism is motivated by leisure, relaxation, culture, health, business and family relationships, the Oporto tourism was prior to the Industrial Revolution. Land of monks and noblemen, closed to the aristocracy, Oporto was centered on its river potential. In the seventh century, the production of Port wine was already very important. So much so that, in 1703, was celebrated the Methuen Treaty (1703) between England and Portugal: the Portuguese undertook to consume the British textiles and, in return, the British should consume the Portuguese wines.
It had to show the grandeur of the north and its buildings needed that brand. The Italian artist Nasoni was called to Oporto in 1725 to develop a remarkable work in the fields of painting and architecture, and the city has grown also to welcome. It was necessary to receive the traders who visited the city and the region. The houses spread around the city and renewed bourgeois society also gained time for idleness and leisure.
In the nineteenth century, new hotels and beach resorts welcomed the Portuguese and foreign new rich people. Hotels like the Grande Hotel do Porto received the nobility and aristocracy; spies, exiled and political found there a refuge; was privileged scene for artists, bohemians and intellectuals. Economic development required the construction of new infrastructure, which shortened distances, as the railway line to Barca d'Alva, along the river. European bourgeois installed in the Douro Valley, acquiring and developing farms for permanent and temporary residences. The city tourism decentralized, as French fashion suggested it should happen by the sea, bathing in Foz do Douro, as well as walking along the city gardens.
In recent years, Oporto followed the modern trends of the twentieth century. Maintained and regained its history; modernized its vision and is a cultural and patrimonial reference in the world. Nowadays, the region is proud of this displayed history, jaunty and welcoming, offering tourists renewed and fascinating experiences, awakening desires to repeat and return.
Manuel Laranjeira was a physician and a writer. Playwright, fiction, essays, lectures, poetry and political studies, philosophy and religion, his literary activity began early, still a student, as a chronicler in various periodicals of the time. He was a friend and correspondent of several prominent intellectual figures, among them the painter Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso, with whom he shared several ideas, and the Spanish poet and philosopher Miguel de Unamuno, friendships that left a vast political and philosophical literary correspondence.
With an encyclopedic knowledge and a large literary and artistic culture, Manuel Laranjeira had a biting and forceful spirit.
He was born in Mozelos, municipality of Santa Maria da Feira, in 1877. Aged 21 he settled in Espinho and enrolled in the Oporto Medical-Surgical School, starting the Medicine course. He graduated in 1904 and developed social and political interventions.
He traveled to Paris where he met Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso. Manuel Laranjeira was one of the first to recognize, through the drawings that his friend sent him, the artistic quality of Amadeo, referring to him, still as a student in Paris, as "an artist at the absolute meaning of the term."
In 1908 he met Miguel de Unamuno in Espinho. It is extensive his correspondence (all of it published and compiled) with Unamuno, João de Barros, António Patrício, Afonso Lopes Vieira, Teixeira de Pascoaes, Teófilo Braga, Ramalho Ortigão, Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso, among others.
However, at the age of 34, he felt the effects of a disease – nervous syphilis.
Disillusioned with the political ineptitude and lack of cultural incentives in national daily, had several depressions and his life oscillated between pleasure and deep sadness and boredom. In the late afternoon of February 22, 1912, bedridden, depressed and desperate with the disease, he committed suicide with a gunshot to the head.
Located in the Palace of the Balsemão Viscounts, the Numismatic Cabinet of Oporto has one of the most important and complete collections in the country, representing a fundamental role in the study of Greek, Roman, Hispanic, Arabic and Portuguese numismatic. Its collections incorporate coins, medals, awards, policies, ballots, bank notes, tokens, medal dies and bank notes printing plates. Its origins date back to the Allen Museum medalist, founded in 1835 by John Francis Allen (1781-1848), an Oporto resident and British descent dealer. As a private institution, he intended to display in the museum Natural History and Epigraphy Art collections and other forms of collecting. It was founded by Allen, whose collection of pieces of art was at the time considered the best private collection in the country.
Installed on Restauração Street, it was acquired by the city council in 1850 and incorporated in the Municipal Museum of Oporto, installed in the building of the Municipal Public Library (former St. António Convent), where it was exposed between 1905 and 1937. Later, between 1942 and the decade 60, was transferred to the National Museum Soares dos Reis, incorporating its historical collection. Then, it was moved to the Casa Tait, until 2009. Currently it is in Carlos Alberto Plaza and entrance is free.
It is closed on weekends and public holidays.
From January to April, Lamprey Routes proliferate on the Douro’s banks, giving its admirers dishes and beautiful scenery.
Lamprey soup, stewed Lamprey, bean stew Lamprey, Lamprey rice, Bordelaise ... there are many proposals for its cooking and there is not a good fork that can resist it, in unique restaurants with Douro river or its tributaries as company.
The lamprey is a fish highly prized in northern cuisine and the best known spices is the sea lamprey. It is a migratory species that lives in the sea but at the time of reproduction, during the spring, up the rivers to spawn. In the adult state, its length varies from 60 to 75 cm, although they can reach one meter to measure and weigh 1.5 Kg. Ancient Romans developed places prepared for its culture..
In Portugal, the lamprey is abundant but some populations are in decline due to overfishing that has been targeted, as well as the destruction of spawning and growth and poaching. It is, therefore, an endangered species, with the international conservation status of "Vulnerable", which means it is a protected species, depending its survival on the successful implementation of measures of protection and conservation.