Miguel Torga was one of the most influential Portuguese poets and writers of the twentieth century, several times nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature. He excelled as a poet, memoirist and short story writer, but also wrote novels, plays and essays.
Pseudonym of Adolfo Correia da Rocha, he was born in São Martinho de Anta, Trás-os-Montes, in 1907.
His work reflects his rebellion against injustice and his impatience on abuses of power. Created in the north Portuguese mountains among rural workers, watching the nature cycles perpetuation, Miguel Torga learned the value of every man, as creator and propagator of life and nature: without man, there would be no fields, no vineyards, there would not be the entire Douro landscape, made of rocks in terraces, magnificent work of many generations of human labor.
At the age ten he travelled to Oporto, to live with relatives. Uniformed in white, he served as a doorman and a delivery boy, watered gardens, cleaned dust, polished staircases metals and attended bells. He was fired a year later due to his insubordination. In 1918 he was sent to the seminary of Lamego.
He emigrated to Brazil in 1920, at the age of eleven, to work on his uncles coffee farm, in Minas Gerais. Realizing his intelligence, he sponsored him the secondary school studies. He distinguished himself as a gifted student and, in 1925, his uncle proposed to pay his studies as a reward of five years of service, which led him to return to Portugal and complete high school studies.
In 1933 he completed his degree in Medicine in the University of Coimbra and began to practice in the mountains wild land, backdrop of much of his work. He divided his time between the Otolaryngology clinic and literature.
A prolific author, over six decades Miguel Torga published more than fifty books. He passed away in 1995.